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Department of Biomedical Engineering

Arinzeh, Treena L.

Contact Info
Title: Professor and Director of the Graduate Program
Email: Treena.Arinzeh@njit.edu
Office: 614 Fenster Hall
Phone: 973-596-5269
Dept: Biomedical Engineering
Webpage: http://web.njit.edu/~arinzeh

About Dr. Arinzeh

Treena Livingston Arinzeh, PhD, professor of biomedical engineering at NJIT, has earned national recognition for her commitment to making adult stem cell therapy a future reality. Her research interests include applied biomaterials and tissue engineering; cell-biomaterial interaction; materials processing; surface characterization and modification of biomaterials; materials testing; in vivo models; tissue-engineering scaffolds for repair of bone and other related musculoskeletal tissues; and nerve tissue regeneration utilizing stem cells. In fall 2004, President Bush awarded Arinzeh the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, the highest national honor that a young researcher can receive.  In 2003, the National Science Foundation also gave Arinzeh its highest honor--a Faculty Early Career Development award that included a $400,000 research grant.Arinzeh has already made two stem-cell breakthroughs. Several years ago, her paper in the Journal of Biomedical Materials Research documented the first of these discoveries. The paper focused on her work with biomaterials known as scaffolds--specifically, calcium phosphates--that act as a framework for growing stem cells and which can prompt them to become the cellular building material of bone or other tissues. Her second discovery, which she described in a paper for the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, was that adult stem cells taken from one person could be implanted in another without being rejected. It was among the most significant findings in stem cell research in the past few years.

Education

  • University of Pennsylvania, PhD in Bioengineering (1999)
  • Johns Hopkins University, MSE in Biomedical Engineering (1994)
  • Rutgers University, BS in Mechanical Engineering (1992)

Professional Experience

 

  • Professor, Biomedical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ.  September 2011 - present.
  • Associate Professor (with Tenure), Biomedical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ September  2006 – August 2011
  • Consultant for various biomedical companies, 2006 - present
  • Assistant Professor, Biomedical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ September 2001 – September 2006
  • Associate Faculty Member of the New Jersey Center for Biomaterials, Piscataway and Newark, NJ, Sep 2001-present
  • Consultant, Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., Baltimore, MD Sep 2001-March 2002
  • Senior Development Engineer, Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., Baltimore, MD 2000- September 2001
  • Development Engineer II/Project Leader, Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., Baltimore, MD May 1999-2000
  • Graduate Research Assistant, Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 1994-1999
  • Teaching Assistant, Bioengineering, University of Pennyslvania, Philadelphia, PA 1994-1995
  • Graduate Research Assistant, Bioengineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 1992-1994
  • Process Engineering, Merck & Company, Sterile Operations, West Point, PA Summer 1993   
  • Mechanical Engineer, Merck & Company, Sterile Operations, West Point, PA Summer 1992
  • Summer Intern, Summer Undergraduate Program for Engineering Research at Berkeley (SUPERB), University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA Summer 1991
  • Mechanical Engineer, G. E. Astro Space, Freehold, NJ Summer 1990

Professional Activities/Organizations

 

  • Connecticut Stem Cell Research Advisory Committee – Nominated by the Governor, January 2008-present
  • Pennsylvania Department of Health, Regenerative Medicine and Post-Natal Stem Cell Biology Merit Review Panel, January 2008.
  • Chair of Stem Cell Biomaterials Interactions Session, IEEE-EMBS (Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society), 28th Annual International Meeting, August 2006.
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH-NIAMS), Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering Study Section, July and October 2006
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH-NIBIB) Study Section, ZRG1 SBIB-N (50) R Bioengineering Research Partnerships, Dec 2005
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH-NINDS) Study Section, ZNS1 SRB-E Centers for Excellence in Translational Human Stem Cell Research, July 2005
  • National Science Foundation CAREER Review Panelist – Fall 2003 and 2004
  • Musuloskeletal Transplant Foundation – Grant Proposal Reviewer, Fall 2005- 2007
  • Arthritis Research Campaign, Chesterfield, United Kingdom – Grant Proposal Reviewer, Fall 2005
  • American Chemical Society, Moderator for Session on Tissue Engineering, MARM 2005
  • Member – Biomedical Engineering Society, 2006-present
  • Member - Orthopaedic Research Society, 2000 - present
  • Member - Society for Biomaterials, 1996 - present  -Reviewer for Society for Biomaterials Annual Meeting, 2002, 2003-Moderator for Session on Tissue Engineering, 2002- Student Chapter President – 1997-1998
  • Member - American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1990 - present
  • Member - National Society of Black Engineers, 1990 – present
  • Reviewer for Biomaterials
  • Reviewer for Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
  • Reviewer for Science

Courses Taught

 

 
  • Didactic Instructor and Developed Course
Biomaterials and Biocompatibility, Undergraduate level course, BME-420, 3 credits (Spring 2002- Fall 2005)
Principles of Tissue Engineering, Graduate level course, BME-651, 3 credits (Fall 2002-present)
Tissue Engineering, Undergraduate Level Course, BME-430, 3 credits (Fall 2005 – present)
  • Lecturer in the following courses:
Stem Cell Biology, Graduate Level. Lecture on Adult Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering Applications, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Fall 2004 - present
Biomaterials, Graduate Level. Lecture on Tissue Engineering (Fall 2001-2003)
Mechanical Foundations of Biomedical Engineering, Undergraduate Level. Lectures on Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering (Fall 2001- 2002)
Foundations in Biomedical Engineering, Graduate Level. Lecture on Conducting Preclinical/Animal Studies

Research Interests

 

  • applied biomaterials and tissue engineering
  • cell-biomaterial interaction
  • materials processing
  • surface characterization and modification of biomaterials
  • materials testing
  • in vivo models
  • tissue-engineering scaffolds for repair of bone and other related musculoskeletal tissues
  • nerve tissue regeneration utilizing stem cells

 

Grants and Funded Research

 

  • Kinetics Concept Inc., PI: Treena L. Arinzeh, Period: 9/08-9/09, Amount: $300,000.
  • NJ Commission on Spinal Cord Research, PI: Treena L. Arinzeh, Period: 12/15/05-12/31/09, Amount: $686,461.
  • NJ Commission on Spinal Cord Research – Graduate Student Fellowship, PI: Treena L. Arinzeh, Period: 1/2008-12/31/09, Amount: $60,000.
  • National Academies Keck Futures Initiative (NAKFI): PI: Jeff Schwartz, Co-PIs: Treena L. Arinzeh, Boyd Evans, Jennifer Elisseeff, Joerg Lahann, Judy Stein, Roger Narayan, Sarah Heilshorn., Period: 3/01/2007-2/01/09, Amount: $75,000. 
  • NJ Commission on Science and Technology – Stem Cell Grant Program, PI: Treena L. Arinzeh, Period: 12/15/05-12/31/08, Amount: $300,000.
  • Osteotech, Inc. PI: Treena L. Arinzeh, Period: 6/2007-6/2008, Amount: $25,000.
  • NSF PECASE – BES-0238787, PI: Treena Livingston Arinzeh, Period: 3/15/03-2/29/09, Amount: $400,000.
  • Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation (MTF), PI: Treena L. Arinzeh, Co-PI: Sheldon Lin, Period: 1/01/05-6/01/06, Amount: $100,000.
  • UMDNJ Foundation, PI: Louis Rizio, Co-Investigators: T. Arinzeh, M. Jaffe, Period: 11/01/04-11/01/05, Amount: $25,000.
  • National Institutes of Health – Minority Graduate Student Fellowship/Supplement, PI: Joachim Kohn, Co-PI: T. Arinzeh, Period: 6/05-5/06, Amount: $40,000.
  • NJ Center for Biomaterials – Faculty Award, PI: Treena Livingston Arinzeh, Period: 4/01/03, Amount: $7,500.
  • New Jersey Institute of Technology – SBR, PI: Treena Livingston Arinzeh, Period: 9/01/01 – 6/01/03, Amount: $50,000.

 

Patents

  • U.S. Provisional Patent Application, 61/039,214: Electrospun electroactive polymer for regenerative medicine applications, Principal Inventor: T. Arinzeh, Co-inventors: N. Weber and M. Jaffe. 3/2008.
  • U.S. Provisional Patent Application, 60/944,587: Electrospun ceramic-polymer polymer composite as a scaffold for tissue repair, Inventor: T. Arinzeh. 6/2007. 
  • U.S. Patent Application, 11/291,701: Substrate Recognition by Differentiable Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Principal Inventor: T. Arinzeh, Co-inventors: S. Shanmugasundaram and M. Jaffe (Nonprovisional U.S. utility application under review as of 12/2005).

Selected Publications

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles:

  • Briggs, T., Trieser, M., Holmes, P., Kohn, J., Moghe, P.V. Livingston Arinzeh, T.L. 2008. Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Poly(ethylene glycol)-variant Biomaterials. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part A. (in press)
  • Doddi, S., Jaffe, M., Livingston Arinzeh, T.L. 2008. Process History of Polymeric Biomaterials Affects Fibroblast Behavior. Acta Biomaterialia. (submitted)
  • Meade, S., Azad, V., Lee, Y-S., Breitbart, E., Yeh, S., Al-Zube, L., Arinzeh, T., Lin, S.S. 2008 Mesenchymal Stem Cell Augmentation Upon Allograft Incorporation In Diabetic Rodents. Bone. (submitted)
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T.L., Godbole, M., Seyda, A., Kohn, J. 2008. The Effect of the Polymeric Substratum on Stem Cell Differentiation. Biomaterials. (in preparation)
  • Wang, S., Banerjee, A., Matarlo, B., Ophir, Z., Rameshwar, P., Livingston Arinzeh, T., Jaffe, M., Collins, G. 2008. Molecular Arrangement and Morphology of Collagen-Polymer Electrospun Blends. Biomacromolecules. (in preparation)
  • Patlolla, A., Collins, G., Livingston Arinzeh, T.   2008. Solvent Dependent Dimensional and Structural Changes in Electrospun Ceramic Fibrous Composites for Bone Tissue Engineering. Acta Biomaterialia. (in preparation).
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T.L. 2005. Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Bone Repair: Preclinical Studies and Potential Clinical Applications. Foot and Ankle Orthobiologic Journal. 10(4), pp. 651-665.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T.L., Tran, T., McAlary, J., Dalcusi, G. 2005. Comparative osteogenic activity of various calcium phosphate ceramic compositions in vitro and in vivoBiomaterials. 26(17), pp. 3631-3638.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T., Peter, S. Archambault, M., McIntosh, K., van den Bos, C., Gordon, S., Young, R., Kraus, K., Kadiyala, S., Smith, A. 2003. Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells regenerate bone in a critically-sized canine segmental gap. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 85-A(10), pp. 1927-1935.
  • Livingston, T.L., Gordon, S., Archambault, M., McIntosh, K., Kadiyala, S., Smith, A., Peter, S. 2003. Mesenchymal stem cells and biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics. Journal of Materials Science – Materials in Medicine. 14(3), pp. 211-218.
  • Livingston, T., Ducheyne, P., Garino, J. 2002. An in vivo evaluation of a bioactive ceramic scaffold for bone tissue engineering. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 62, pp. 1-13.
  • Livingston, T.L., Garino, J., Ducheyne, P. 1999.  A mechanical and histological evaluation of a tissue engineered bioactive scaffold in vivo. Bioceramics, 12, H. Ohgushi, G.W. Hastings, T. Yoshikawa, eds., World Scientific Publishing Co, Singapore, p. 245-248.
  • Saltzman, W. M., Livingston, T., Parkhurst, M.R. 1999. Antibodies to CD18 influence the migration of neutrophils through extracellular matrix. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 65(3), pp. 356-363.
  • Ducheyne, P., Livingston, T., Shapiro, I., Ayyaswamy, P., Gao, H., Radin, S. 1997. Surface modified bioactive glass particles as microcarriers in a microgravity environment. Tissue Engineering, 3(3), pp. 219-229.

Book Chapters (Peer Reviewed):

  •  King, C., Patel, S., Livingston Arinzeh,T., Rameshwar, P. Dual roles of mesenchymal stem cells in spinal cord injury: Cell replacement therapy and as a model system to understand axonal repair. Stem cells: From tools for studying mechanism of neuronal differentiation towards therapy. Springer-Verlag, 2008 (submitted).
  • Shanmugasundaram, S., Imura, Y., Jaffe, M., Livingston Arinzeh, T. The Contribution of Electrospinning to Tissue Engineering and Related Fields. Tissue Engineering:  Roles, Materials and Applications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2008.
  • Liu, X., Shanmugasundaram, S., Livingston Arinzeh, T. Polymeric Biomaterials. Encylopedia of Medical Devices and Instrumentation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Preclinical, clinical and regulatory issues in cell-based therapies. Bone Graft Substitutes

Abstracts, Proceedings, and Presentations:

 Invited Presentations

  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. The Influence of Biomaterials on Stem Cell Differentiation and Tissue Formation. City College of New York (CCNY), Department of Biomedical Engineering, May 2008.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Stem Cell Tissue Engineering. Schering-Plough, Inc. April 2008.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Biomedical Engineering and Stem Cell Research. Campbell Soup Company and Campbell African American Network Black History Month Panel Discussion. February 2008.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Stem Cell Tissue Engineering. The State University of New York (SUNY) at Stony Brook. February 2008.  
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Stem Cell Scaffold Combinations for Tissue Repair. Third Annual New Jersey Stem Cell Symposium.  October 2007.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. The Influence of Biomaterials on Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation and Stem Cell Induced Tissue Repair. New Jersey/Quebec Collaborative Stem Cell Meeting. Montreal, Montreal Neurological Institute, June 4-5, 2007.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Stem Cells. New Jersey Institute of Technology – Board of Trustees Retreat, July 2007.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Bone Tissue Repair. New York University – Dental School. March 2006.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. The Influence of Biomaterials on Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation and Stem Cell Induced Tissue Repair. Celgene Cellular Therapeutics, Inc. April 2006.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. The Influence of Biomaterials on Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation and Stem Cell Induced Tissue Repair. The New Jersey Biomedical Engineering Showcase, 1st Annual Meeting, March 2006.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. The Influence of Biomaterials on Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation and Stem Cell Induced Tissuee Repair. Osteotech, Inc., January 2006.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Identifying Optimal Surface Properties of Biomaterials for Stem Cell Tissue Engineering. Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students (ABRCMS). Atlanta, Ga. 2005.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Stem Cell-Biomaterial Interactions: Surface Properties Influence Stem Cell Differentiation. Stem Cell Symposium, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, July 6, 2005.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Surface Properties Influence Stem Cell Differentiation. New Jersey Center for Biomaterials Symposium, Fall 2004.
  • Livingston Arinzeh, T. Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Based Therapies: Developing an Off-The-Shelf Therapy for the Repair of Functional Tissues. Lifecell Technologies, Inc. May 2003. 
  • Livingston, T. Scaffold Materials for Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Based Bone Regeneration. Engineering Tissue Growth International Conference and Exposition. Pittsburgh, PA March 19-21, 2002.
  • Livingston, T. Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Based Therapies: Improving Cell Function through Material Science. New Jersey Center for Biomaterials Faculty Retreat, December 4, 2001.
  • Livingston, T. MSC based gene therapy for tissue regeneration. 30th International Sun Valley Hard Tissue Workshop, August 14-18, 2000.
 
Abstracts, Proceedings, and Presentations (Peer-Reviewed, Selected from 55)
  • Weber, N., Shanmugasundaram, S., Lee, Y-S., Jaffe, M., Livingston Arinzeh, T. The Effect of an Electroactive Fibrous Scaffold on Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Chondrogenesis, International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR), Annual Meeting, June 2008.         
  • Weber, N., Shanmugasundaram, S., Jaffe, M., Livingston Arinzeh, T. Chondrogenic Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Piezoelectric Fibrous Scaffolds, 8th World Biomaterials Congress, Society for Biomaterials, May 2008. 
  • Weber, N., Shanmugasundaram, S., Lee, Y-S., Jaffe, M., Livingston Arinzeh, T. Characterization and In Vitro Cytocompatibility of Piezoelectric Electrospun Scaffolds, 8th World Biomaterials Congress, Society for Biomaterials, May 2008.
  • Meade, S., Azad, V., Lee, Y-S., Breitbart, E., Yeh, S., Al-Zube, L., Arinzeh, T., Lin, S.S. Mesenchymal Stem Cell Augmentation Upon Allograft Incorporation In Diabetic Rodents, 54th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, March 2008.
  • Doddi, S., Jaffe, M., Livingston Arinzeh, T. Process History of Polymeric Biomaterials Affects Cell Proliferation, Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES), Fall 2005.
  • Shanmugasundaram, S., Griswold, K., Pestigiacomo, C.J., Livingston Arinzeh, T., Jaffe, M. Applications of electrospinning: tissue engineering scaffolds and drug delivery system. Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES), Fall 2004.
  • Godbole, M., Seyda, A., Kohn, J., Livingston Arinzeh, T. Surface properties of the substratum affect human mesenchymal stem cell differentiation. 30th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, April, 2004.   
  • Tran, T., Salaam, O., Livingston Arinzeh, T. Biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics promote the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells. Orthopaedic Research Society 50th Annual Meeting, March 7-10, 2004.
  • A. Seyda, J. Kohn, Livingston Arinzeh, T. The effect of the polymeric substratum on the differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells. Society for Biomaterials 29th Annual Meeting, April 30-May 3, 2003.
  • Tran, T. Salaam, O., Livingston Arinzeh, T. Biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics stimulate the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells. Society for Biomaterials 29th Annual Meeting, April 30-May 3, 2003.
  • Tran, T. Salaam, O., Livingston Arinzeh, T. Calcium phosphate ceramics promote the expression of bone cell markers in human mesenchymal stem cells. 29th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, March 22-23, 2003.
  • Akkapeddi, S., Livingston Arinzeh, T. Dissolution/Precipitation behavior of biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics in bone-forming culture conditions. 29th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, March 22-23, 2003.
  • Tran, T., Salaam, O., Livingston Arinzeh, T. An osteoinducive scaffold for human mesenchymal stem cell bone regeneration. Third Annual Conference on Regenerative Medicine. Dec. 2-4, 2002.
  • G. Daculsi, O. Gauthier, E. Aguado, P. Pilet, C. Gobin, S. Kadiyala, T. Livingston. 2001. Comparative osteogenic activity of various micro macroporous calcium phosphates for tissue engineering and bone substitute. Proceedings of the 16th Annual European Society for Biomaterials.
  • T. Livingston, S. Kadiyala, M. Archambault, K. McIntosh, S. Peter.  Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells regenerate bone with an absence of an immunological response. International Society of Hematology, March 22-24, 2001. 
  • Livingston, T., Kadiyala, S., ElKalay, M., Young, R., Kraus, K., Gordon, S., Peter, S. Repair of canine segmental bone defects using allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells. Orthopaedic Research Society 47th Annual Meeting, February 25-28, 2001.
  • Chuang, L. Livingston, T., Xu, T., Kadiyala, S., Archambault, M., Gasser, J., Marshak, D. 2000. Local administration of rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into proximal tibia promotes bone augmentation in rats. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 22nd Annual Meeting
  • Livingston, T.L., Dalcusi, G., ElKalay, M. Kadiyala, S. 2000. Osteogenic activity of human mesenchymal stem cells in vivo on calcium phosphate ceramics. American Society for Artificial Internal Organs Journal. Vol. 46, Issue 2, p. 238.
  • Peter, S.J., Livingston, T., Gordon, S., Hebert G., ElKalay, M., Kadiyala, S. 2000. Predifferentiation of human MSCs in vitro leads to osteogenesis in vivo. American Society for Artificial Internal Organs Journal. Vol. 46, Issue 2, p. 236.
  • Lee, K., Livingston, T.L., Hendricks, K., Buyaner, D., Liu, L., Boehnlein, E., Junker, U., Mosca, J. 2000. Expression of the human bone morphogenetic protein-7 gene in human mesenchymal stem cells accelerate in vitro chondrogenesis and in vivo osteogenesis. Molecular Therapy. Vol. 1, Issue 5, p. S144.    
  • Livingston, T.L., Lee, K., Cole, J., Hendricks, K., Kalfoglou, C., Terry, R., Boehnlein, E., Junker, U., Mosca, J., ElKalay, M., Kadiyala, S. 2000. In vivo osteogenesis using genetically engineered human mesenchymal stem cell constructs. Tranactions of the Sixth World Biomaterials Congress.   p. 562.
  • Peter, S.J., Livingston, T., Gordon, S., Yagami, M., Klyushnenkova, E., McIntosh, K., Wagner, J., Young, R.G., ElKalay, M., Kadiyala, S. 2000. Bone formation via allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell implantation. Transactions of the Sixth World Biomaterials Congress. p. 104.
  • Livingston, T.L., Garino, J., Ducheyne, P. 2000. A bioactive scaffold for bone repair. 2nd National Veterans Administration Rehabilitation Research and Development Conference.
  • Garino, J., Ducheyne, P., Livingston, T. 1999. In vivo study of the incorporation of in vitro-synthesized bone. Rehabilitation R&D Progress Reports 1998Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.
  • Livingston, T.L., Garino, J., Ducheyne, P. 1999. A mechanical and histological evaluation of a tissue engineered bioactive scaffold in vivoBioceramics, 12, H. Ohgushi, G.W. Hastings, T. Yoshikawa, eds., World Scientific Publishing Co, Singapore, p. 245-248.
  • Livingston, T.L., Garino, J., Ducheyne, P. 1999. Implantation of in vitro synthesized bone leads to return of mechanical function of bone. Workshop on Tissue Engineering, Gene Delivery, and Regenerative Healing
  • Livingston, T.L., Garino, J., Ducheyne, P. 1999. Mechanical evaluation of the incorporation of a bioactive scaffold into bone, Proceedings of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society.
  • Livingston, T.L., Lai, M., Garino, J., Ducheyne, P. 1998. A bioactive scaffold for bone tissue engineering. Transactions of the Society for Biomaterials, 21, p. 99.
  • Livingston, T.L., Dai, W., Krewson, C.E., Saltzman, W.M. 1994. Extracellular matrix molecules influence cell aggregation in three-dimensional cell cultures. Proceedings of the 13th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference.
  • Livingston, T.L., Krewson, C.E., Dai, W., Saltzman, W.M. 1994. Cell migration and aggregation in protein hydrogels. Proceedings of the Annual American Chemical Society Symposium.